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NIOS–An effective means to reach the unreached, an experiment with Divyayan KVK

With a motto to “reach out and reach all”, NIOS follows the principle of freedom to learn i.e. what to learn, when to learn, how to learn, and when to appear in the examination is decided by the learner himself. There is no restriction of time, place, and pace of learning. The formal education, especially higher education is beyond the reach of rural children due to poverty and other factors like lack of infrastructure, unable to access the urban facilities etc. This is the reason that the life of 80% of rural India is underdeveloped. The only solution as envisaged by Swami Vivekananda is by spreading the education among masses. He said that suppose you open and free school in every village, still it would do no good, for the poverty in India is such that the poor children would rather go to help their father in the fields or otherwise try to make a living than come to school. Now, if the mountain does not come to Mohammed, Mohammed must go to the mountain. If the poor boy or girl can…
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CYANOBACTERIA: NATURE’S OWN BIOFERTILIZER

Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are the most widely distributed algal organisms especially in tropical countries. They are ubiquitous and cosmopolitan found in eutrophic (organically rich) benthos of lakes, ponds, tanks etc. the BGA are the only organisms that grow in adverse and harsh environmental conditions. The global natural resources and energy crisis have widened the gap between demand and supply of nitrogen fertilizer. These blue-green algae plays a significant role in filling this gap. Cyanobacterial biofertilizer giving high yield varieties has further increased the demand of important crops.
DOMINANT BGA IN RICE FIELD: Rice cultivation is an age-old practice in our country. The average production is only about 1.7 t/ha because more than 85% of total area of rice is owned by small and marginal farmers. These farmers cannot afford to use various inputs needed to harvest maximum yield of rice. In this context, the nitrogen fixing blue-green algae deserve special mention. They a…

Resource Map helps you to make better decisions

Resource Map is a free, open-source tool that helps you make better decisions by giving a better insight into the location and distribution of your resources. With Resource Map, our team can collaboratively record, track, and analyse resources at a glance using a live map In PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) Resource Map is a very effective tool to know about the resource of the place, and it is also a good method to involve all person at the same time as because of its large size. Everyone can contribute their ideas and knowledge about the place in Resource mapping. It is also a good tool to attract people’s mind into PRA as because we use various colour and different materials as needed it is quite interesting than other tools of PRA. In our Resource Map at Anjan gram of Gumla Dist. of Jharkhand we use different materials like tiles, green grasses, coloured powder, sketch pens, sand, stone of different size, chart paper, etc. Our team is divided into groups, the mass mobilisation tea…

Organically pest management

Mixed leaves extract: Meterials:3kg of neem leaves,2kg of custard apple leaves,2kg of papaya leaves,2 kg of pomegranate leaves,2kg guava leaves, and 10liters cow urine. Procedure method: 1st we collect the 5 leaves and cow urine. Then crush the above all recommended leaves. Then boil the cow urine or water and all leaves. Boil the mixture after some intervals of time till the mixture becomes half of the starting time. Then keep the mixture for 24 hours, filter the extract. This mixture store in a bottle. It can be stored up to 6 months. Application: Prepared extract apply on the field on evening or early morning. This preparation diluted 3 liters in 50 liters of water. It solution spray on the sprayer in one acre area. Effects: it is resistive for nature against the insects, est and disease. It is help for the plant to protect the insect and pest, and to increase the vegetative growth and plant shelf life. Advantage: It is fully natural and low cost. It is available for a village. Pomegra…

Use of ICT on Village Development Plan (VDP)

This Information and Communication Technology (ICT) works as a catalyst in development for its tremendous potential to increase efficiency, productivity, and service quality in agriculture and allied sectors. A village development plan is a written document. It identifies issues of concern to that village. Opportunities, strengths, threats and weaknesses of a village are defined. It also provides practical actions that will result in an improved condition of the village. It provides opportunities for resource mobilization, a vision of what you would like your village to look like, sets out clear goals to achieve that vision, and gives you an action plan to reach out those goals. For preparing of village development plan, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) exercises, Gram-Sava Meetings etc. have been organized. In this way, lots of information have been gathered for each and every villages. It’s very difficult to work on village development for the governm…

Transforming Jharkhand through Development Initiatives

The basic principles of growth and development are the same the world over. Though we behave in a generally homogeneous manner, yet we are vastly different from economically developing countries of Africa and Asia, and from the affluent West. In a broad sense, development is defined as the overall well-being of the entire population. Thus, any agenda on development goes beyond the income of the individual or of the groups of individuals or of the society, and encompasses healthy living, equity, empowerment, participation, security, and social cohesion. Thus, the goal of the nation for development is therefore to increase economic growth and social justice, improve human resources, empower the poor, and create employment opportunity for them and consequently to reduce poverty. Thus, a nation thrives and develops if it simultaneously encompasses all these for the betterment of its people.
In India, there is low level of income and high incidence of poverty, which has impacted on all aspe…

Skill development and employment generation through the lac cultivation in tribal area of khunti district

The present study was carried out at Raina block of khunti district of Jharkhand during 2016. The study is based on the data collected from randomly selected 63 households (trained and untrained) through well-structured questionnaire and personal interview method. Out of total 63identified households, 41% and 32 % households belonged to small and medium categories and 19% and 8% were large and very large categories, respectively. The age wise distribution of sampled households varied from 29 years to 50 years with mean age of 45 years. Educational backgrounds of head of the households were very low. Average land holding size varied from 2.44 acre to 5.5 acre across various categories of households and higher number of lac host trees were found with households with greater land holding. Average annual income per households varied from Rs. 27000 to Rs. 58000 across various categories of households. The study revealed that there was positive impact of training on lac growing households in…